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By S. Stewart

This booklet explores sociological debates relating to tradition, style and cost. It argues that sociology can give a contribution to debates approximately aesthetic worth and to an realizing of the way humans overview.  

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So as to test hypotheses generated through verstehen, Weber argued that it is expedient to compare social action to a conceptually pure type of rational action so as to ‘understand the ways in which actual action is influenced by irrational factors of all sorts, such as affects and errors, in that they account for the deviation from the line of conduct which would be expected on the hypothesis that the action were purely rational’ (1968, p. 6). He provided two examples with which to clarify this position.

967). According to Weber, bureaucracy that is within the sphere of the 36 A Sociology of Culture, Taste and Value state constitutes a bureaucratic agency and where it serves capitalist accumulation it constitutes a bureaucratic enterprise. In both instances, a money economy provides the most efficient and calculable means of funding this mode of organization, whether through taxation (in the case of the state) or through private profit (in the case of enterprise) (Weber, 1968, p. 956). This bureaucratic structure is ‘a late product of historical development’ that has revolutionary results, profoundly altering human experience.

Traditional authority is also rule-oriented, even if its rules are not rationally calculated but have their basis in that which is established. Charismatic authority is quite different because, according to Weber (1968, p. 244), it is ‘foreign to all rules’, and its legitimacy is dependent purely on the ability of the charismatic leader to be exceptional, whether as hero, prophet or demagogue. 1 Weber maintained that legal authority, as an expression of formal rationality, permeates modern culture and is in the ascendancy in line with a general trend towards rationalization.

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