Download Amheida I: Ostraka from Trimithis, Volume 1 by Roger S. Bagnall, Giovanni R. Ruffini PDF

By Roger S. Bagnall, Giovanni R. Ruffini

This quantity provides 455 inscribed pottery fragments, or ostraka, stumbled on in the course of NYU’s excavations at Amheida within the western wilderness of Egypt. the bulk date to the overdue Roman interval (3rd to 4th century AD), a time of speedy social swap in Egypt and the traditional Mediterranean ordinarily. Amheida used to be a small place of work, and the total e-book of those short texts illuminates the position of writing within the day-by-day lives of its population. the themes coated through the Amheida ostraka comprise the distribution of foodstuff, the management of wells, the economic lives of population, their schooling, and different facets of existence ignored in literary assets. The authors supply a whole creation to the technical facets of terminology and chronology, whereas additionally situating this crucial facts in its ancient, social and local context.
Online version on hand as a part of the NYU Library's historic international electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the examine of the traditional international (ISAW). 

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Extra info for Amheida I: Ostraka from Trimithis, Volume 1

Sample text

Kellis \ G. 35 as "of the city of the Mothites" (της Μωθειτών Ι [πόλεως]), that is, modern Mut, may help place the well near there, but equally may refer simply to the Oasis in general. 11 To this one case add the apparently unnamed hydreuma appearing in a Trimithis ostrakon from the 2008 season, inv. 13205, not published herein, which records payment of one animal ύπ(έρ) ύδρ(εύματο^) ίερατικ( ). A search of the Duke Databank does not return any other attestations of this phrase. Kellis 1. 13 D.

G. ). 73-74). In the Trimithis texts, several of these uses may be at stake. The exact context of the expense account 11 is unclear, but the entry μέρους κερ(άμια) μ may indicate expenditure of a portion of a recent harvest. Other ostraka more clearly suggest divisions in a large estate. The payments made by Horos in 250 are divided evenly between those sent to Trimithis and those sent to the mews. The account in 53 lists α μέρος, the first meros, implying the existence of additional numbered divisions.

Presumably these are people currently at Trimithis but domiciled elsewhere. In the municipal structure of the fourth century, that should mean people whose idia was in another city or its territory. Of course that might mean people whose registered domicile was no more than a few hours away, in another part of the oasis that was part of the Mothite nome. The crucial question is whether the role of the teretes was to protect the xenoi and their interests, or to protect the state's interest in keeping track of them and making sure that they fulfilled their obligations.

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