By Adrian Burke, David Field, Margaret Brewer-LaPorta
Fourteen papers discover various concerns in relation to prehistoric extraction websites, together with ethnography, geochemical signatures, the applying of neutron activation research, exploitation of erratics, excavation, survey and conservation.
subject matters comprise quernstone extraction, use of hammers, levels of extraction, geographical and social contexts, altering social regimes, the ritualised nature of trips to quarry websites, examine of petrofabrics, and the results of joint and cleavage on quarrying perform. contributions are in French with prolonged summaries in English.
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Extra info for Ancient Mines and Quarries: A Trans-Atlantic Perspective
Such iconic artefacts – if ethnographic analogy is an indicator – may have had a multiplicity of meanings ranging from ‘a religious symbol, an item of exchange as well 32 Peter Topping as a functional tool’ (Cooney 1998, 108) and, as Whittle (1995, 251) has pointed out, ‘We should not be content to assume fixed or inherent values for things’. The South Downs mines conformed to this trend and produced flint largely for axe production. Analysis of the depositional patterns of axes from the adjacent coastal plain confirms that the majority were unused and carefully curated (cf.
See also references to specific quarries below). The long-term work and many publications of James Harrell (www. html) in particular have given a broad picture of the distribution of ancient quarries along the Nile and in the Eastern Desert (Fig. 1), their geoarchaeological characteristics and use. g. Peacock 1992; Bloxam 2003; Bloxam et al. 2009; Heldal et al. 2007(a); Bloxam and Heldal in press). Although there are more than 200 large ancient Egyptian quarries associated with acquisition of stone for monuments, statuary and vessels, few detailed surveys and excavations have been undertaken.
The South Downs mines conformed to this trend and produced flint largely for axe production. Analysis of the depositional patterns of axes from the adjacent coastal plain confirms that the majority were unused and carefully curated (cf. Gardiner 1990, 131; Holgate 1995, 157). Clearly here the source of the raw material was identified by the artefact type, which then followed a pre-determined trajectory and use-life. The Norfolk flint mines provide a similar picture (cf. Pitts 1996). The more extensive distribution of many types of stone axe demonstrates that they too had a deeply embedded cultural value, and a currency which arguably exceeded those of flint.