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By Netzband M., Stefanov W., Redman C.

Regardless of the promising and fascinating probabilities awarded by means of new and fast-developing distant sensing applied sciences utilized to city parts, there's nonetheless a spot perceived among the commonly educational and research-focused spectrum of effects provided through the ''urban distant sensing'' group and the appliance of those facts and items by means of the neighborhood governmental our bodies of city towns and areas. whereas there's no finish of fascinating technological know-how questions that we will be able to ask approximately towns, occasionally those questions do not fit good with what the operational difficulties and matters of a given urban are. The authors current info from six city areas from around the world. They clarify what the real questions are, and the way you can actually use information and clinical talents to aid solution them.

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Extra resources for Applied Remote Sensing for Urban Planning, Governance and Sustainability

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The Landsat series of sensors has also developed a rich historical database extending from 1972 to the present. A new generation of satellite-based sensors with greatly improved spatial resolution (15 m/pixel to less than 1 m/pixel) has been developed by the commercial sector and includes the Système Probatoire d’ Observation de la Terre, or SPOT (Martin et al. 1988), IKONOS (Dial et al. 2003), and Quickbird (Sawaya et al. 2003). Highly detailed land-cover, land–use, and ecological characterizations of urban and suburban regions are being produced from these sensor data (Weber 1994; Greenhill et al.

Astronaut photography has also been used to track urban growth in several US cities (Robinson et al. 2000). Extensive use has been made of the Landsat series of sensors to characterize urban extent and materials (Forster 1980; Jackson et al. 1980; Jensen 1981; Haack 1983 Haack et al. 1987; Stefanov et al. 2001b, 2003), and to conduct basic comparisons of urban centers (Ridd 1995; Ridd and Liu 1998). These sensors provide coarse to moderately high spatial resolution (up to 15 m/pixel), fairly low spectral resolution (up to seven bands in the visible through shortwave infrared and one to two thermal infrared bands), and good temporal resolution (typically fourteen- to sixteen-day repeat cycle).

An urban example of this concept would be the common land-use change sequence of a parcel of undeveloped land changing to agricultural use, then changing to residential or commercial use (this sequence of predictable change over time can also be called a chronosequence). This sequence cannot typically be observed in the dense urban core, but by examining other nearby areas (such as younger cities nearby, and plots of land slated for development), the developmental sequence can be inferred. Spatial Resolution – A measure of the spacing, in line-pairs per unit distance, of the most closely spaced lines that can be distinguished on an image or photograph.

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