By Pietro Giuseppe Gucciardi, Guillaume Bachelier (auth.), Bharat Bhushan, Harald Fuchs, Masahiko Tomitori (eds.)
The luck of the Springer sequence utilized Scanning Probe equipment I–VII and the quickly increasing actions in scanning probe improvement and purposes all over the world made it a typical step to gather extra speci c leads to the elds of improvement of scanning probe microscopy strategies (Vol. VIII), characterization (Vol. IX), and biomimetics and business purposes (Vol. X). those 3 volumes supplement the former set of volumes lower than the topic subject matters and provides perception into the hot paintings of top experts of their respective elds. Following the culture of the sequence, the chapters are prepared round options, characterization and biomimetics and business functions. quantity VIII makes a speciality of novel scanning probe concepts and the knowledge of tip/sample interactions. themes contain close to eld imaging, complicated AFM, s- cializedscanningprobemethodsinlifesciencesincludingnewselfsensingcantilever platforms, mixtures of AFM sensors and scanning electron and ion microscopes, calibration equipment, frequency modulation AFM for program in beverages, Kelvin probe strength microscopy, scanning capacitance microscopy, and the size of electric delivery houses on the nanometer scale. Vol. IX specializes in characterization of fabric surfaces together with structural in addition to neighborhood mechanical characterization, and molecular platforms. the quantity covers a wide spectrum of STM/AFM investigations together with fullerene layers, strength spectroscopy for probing fabric homes more often than not, organic lms .and cells, epithelial and endothelial layers, clinical similar structures akin to amyloidal aggregates, phospholipid monolayers, inorganic lms on aluminium and copper - ides,tribological characterization, mechanical houses ofpolymernanostructures, technical polymers, and close to eld optics.
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Extra resources for Applied Scanning Probe Methods VIII: Scanning Probe Microscopy Techniques
The sharp apex of the tip is brought to the center of the illuminated area. The sample is then raster-scanned under the tip while the scattered light is collected. A tapping-mode-based feedback maintains a constant tip–sample gap. This allows one to acquire the topography of the surface while simultaneously recording its optical response. A lens is used to collect the scattered light, which is composed of locally scattered light as well as background scattering from the extended structures of the tip and sample.
277 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Contents – Volume V 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Integrated Cantilevers and Atomic Force Microscopes Sadik Hafizovic, Kay-Uwe Kirstein, Andreas Hierlemann . . . 1 Electrostatic Microscanner Yasuhisa Ando . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Low-Noise Methods for Optical Measurements of Cantilever Deflections Tilman E. Schäffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Q-controlled Dynamic Force Microscopy in Air and Liquids Hendrik H¨olscher, Daniel Ebeling, Udo D.
The IR apertureless SNOM design  is based on a tapping-mode AFM, which uses a cantilevered, commercial Pt-coated tip as the scattering source. The tip oscillates at its mechanical resonance frequency (ω ∼ 30 kHz) with amplitudes of approximately 20 nm. It is illuminated by a sharply focused IR laser with the incident field polarized in the tip axis plane. The backscattered light is analyzed with a homodyne-mode Michelson interferometer, allowing one to record both the amplitude s and the phase θ of the complex scattered field E sca = s exp(iθ) = αeff E i , where αeff is the effective polarizability of the system consisting of the tip dipole and its mirror dipole in the sample, and E i is the incident field.