Download Aspect and the Categorization of States: The case of ser and by David Brian Roby PDF

By David Brian Roby

During this paintings, the Spanish copulae ser and estar are argued to be aspectual morphemes. Their binary competition displays the common aspectual values [±Perfective], that are an analogous ones openly expressed via the preterite and imperfect prior stressful varieties in Spanish. it may hence be proven that kinds of states, similar to sorts of occasions, should be labeled according to their aspectual composition. also, the inherent semantic variations among occasions and states will be accounted for through interpreting point as employing to occasions internally and to states externally. an invaluable source for the start linguist in addition to the main professional analyst, this paintings is written in language that's effortless to appreciate whereas closing devoted to all the acceptable suitable technical terminology. someone who's heavily drawn to exploring why the Spanish verbs ser and estar are used the best way they're should still learn this publication.

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Extra resources for Aspect and the Categorization of States: The case of ser and estar in Spanish (Studies in Language Companion Series)

Example text

In the (b)-reading, the spatial expression modifies the main predicate of the sentence. Sentence (25), which contains an individual-level predicate, has only one possible reading, which is that of the 35 36 Aspect and the Categorization of States: The Case of ser and estur in Spanish spatial expression modifying the main predicate of the sentence. The reason for this difference according to Kratzer is that: temporal and spatial expressions accompanying verbs relate to the verb they modify via the Davidsonian argument.

Moreover, this use of estar also entails that prior to this stage in time, the act of watching television was not in progress and thereafter will not continue indefinitely. Such is an indication of a change that has taken place in regards to a previous state of affairs and one that is expected to take place in the near future. Now let us take a look at data that do not support the estar us indicator ofchange analysis, ' 2 2 . 2 estar used for geographical or other location Counterexamples to this interpretation of estar are numerous and easy to find in everyday language.

E , (Kramer, 1995,130) In the logical representations of the ungrammatical sentences> there is a violation of the prohibition against vacuous quantification. In other words, the quantifier in these sentences, which is always, must have a variable to bind, and this variable must be bound in both its restrictive clause and in its nuclear scope. Sentence (26a) is ill-formed, because there is no variable to bind at all. Proper names and referential expressions like Mary and trench are constants, which do not introduce a variable into the expression.

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