Download Bioarchaeology: An Integrated Approach to Working with Human by Debra L. Martin PDF

By Debra L. Martin

Bioarchaeology is the research of human continues to be inside an interpretative framework that comes with contextual details. This accomplished and much-needed guide offers either a kick off point and a reference for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and others operating during this integrative box. The authors conceal a number of bioarchaeological tools and concept including:

Ethical concerns serious about facing human remains

Theoretical ways in bioarchaeology

Techniques in taphonomy and bone analysis

Lab and forensic suggestions for skeletal analysis

Best practices for excavation techniques

Special purposes in bioarchaeology

With case stories from bioarchaeological learn, the authors combine theoretical and methodological dialogue with quite a lot of box reviews from diverse geographic parts, time classes, and knowledge kinds, to illustrate the total scope of this crucial box of study.

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Extra info for Bioarchaeology: An Integrated Approach to Working with Human Remains

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Warfare can become pervasive due to shifts in ideology and power, and this can be a source of biological stress and mortality as well. The model in its most simplistic form may seem to be largely processual in suggesting unicausal variables and a simple feedback loop. However, the model can easily accommodate much more complex (and post-processual) cultural factors as causal mechanisms creating biological stress. The feedback from box 5 back into boxes 1 and 2 represents the ways that cultural and population-level changes can further cause changes in the environmental (both the physical and the culturally constructed) systems.

This is certainly true for bioarchaeology and its twin subdiscipline, paleopathology (discussed in Chaps. 6 and 7). It was once very easy for archaeologists and physical anthropologists to excavate ancient skeletons or cemeteries, measure the bones, and then examine the bone surfaces for age at death, sex, and pathology. Early publications abound with studies that simply document all the measurements and any finding of pathology. While there is value to some of these purely case study-based publications, they are limited.

The high altitude contributed to unpredictable resources as well as ephemeral and variable sources of water. The pinion-pine environment yielded patchy and unpredictable edible resources for the inhabitants. Maize agriculture presented a way to have a predictable and aggregated source of food but was hampered by short growing seasons and lack of rainfall. Theories about human evolution and adaption in desert environments were used to help think about the ways that these specific Southwest peoples could have coped over a 200-year period to droughts, seasonal shortages in food, and ephemeral water supplies.

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