By Park S. Nobel
The Cactaceae kinfolk, with approximately 16 hundred species, is cultivated around the globe for end result, forage, fodder, or even as a vegetable. Cacti are famous for his or her beautiful plants, exact stem shapes, and talent to tolerate drought. as a result of their effective use of water and different diversifications, organic and agronomic curiosity in cacti has soared. those attention-grabbing vegetation even have a lot to coach us approximately biodiversity and conservation. but a present, man made, wide-ranging reference on cacti has no longer been to be had in the past. This finished ebook, compiled through a well known cactus biologist, contains authoritative, updated chapters by means of thirty-five individuals from all over the world on themes starting from evolution to biotechnology. it's the first e-book of its type to assemble details on cactus biology, ecology, and makes use of in a single handy place.
The first half the publication presents an intensive assessment of cactus biology and morphology and discusses the environmental and conservation concerns that have an effect on the crops. It contains a dialogue of the evolution of the relations, paying specific cognizance to new genetic and molecular methods. the second one half the booklet makes a speciality of the sensible matters of cultivating cacti, similar to pest keep watch over and illnesses, horticultural and forage purposes, and strategies for agronomy. different chapters hide the several markets for cacti and items which are made of them.
This targeted quantity can be a competent and informative reference for ecologists and environmentalists, agriculturists, plant biologists, and a person heavily attracted to those outstanding crops.
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Extra resources for Cacti: Biology and Uses
Collapsible water-storage cells in cacti. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 122: 145–151. Mauseth, J. D. 1996. Comparative anatomy of tribes Cereeae and Browningieae (Cactaceae). Bradleya 14: 66–81. Mauseth, J. D. 1999a. Anatomical adaptations to xeric conditions in Maihuenia (Cactaceae), a relictual, leaf-bearing cactus. Journal of Plant Research 112: 307–315. Mauseth, J. D. 1999b. Comparative anatomy of Espostoa, Pseudoespostoa, Thrixanthocereus, and Vatricania (Cactaceae). Bradleya 17: 33–43.
Leaves of Pereskiopsis contain both Ca oxalate and Ca malate crystals (Bailey 1966). Members of Cactoideae may contain sphaerocrystals (spherical; Fig. 2C), the composition of which is unknown, and their form diﬀers from other crystal types (Metcalfe and Chalk 1950; LozaCornejo and Terrazas 1996). Some species contain only one crystal type, whereas others may have two or more types, even in adjacent cells (Gibson 1973). Crystals are common in secondary xylem and may be deposited in axial or radial parenchyma (Gibson 1973; Mauseth 1996, 1999; Terrazas and Loza-Cornejo 2001).
1990. The systematics and evolution of subtribe Stenocereinae. 8. Organ pipe cactus and its clos- 38 est relatives. ) 62: 13– 24. Terrazas Salgado and Mauseth Mauseth, J. D. 1989. Comparative structure-function stud- ies within a strongly dimorphic plant, Melocactus intortus (Cactaceae). Bradleya 7: 1–11. Mauseth, J. D. 1992. Comparative wood anatomy of Jasminocereus and Armatocereus in Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands. IAWA Bulletin 13: 245–246. Mauseth, J. D. 1993a. Medullary bundles and the evolution of cacti.